IC4703, M16 and M17
IC4703, M16 and M17
Eagle Nebula and Swan Nebula
Open Star Cluster and Emission Nebulae in Serpens and Sagittarius

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Eagle Nebula and Swan Nebula: The two large reddish objects in this field are M16/IC4703 toward the upper left, and M17 toward the lower right. M16 is the open star cluster in the middle of the bright part of IC4703, which is the ionized gas surrounding M16; M16 and IC4703 together make up the Eagle Nebula. M17 has various other names, including the Swan Nebula and the Omega Nebula.

These are two large star-forming regions, located in the Sagittarius arm of the Milky Way (explaining the rich star fields in the photo). They are relatively bright and are located in the constellation Serpens. This region contains the iconic Pillars of Creation, made famous in an early Hubble photo (this feature is in the middle of the bright central portion of IC4703, very near M16). This region is about 7,000 light years away, and shines at approximately apparent magnitude 8. The cluster is estimated to be 5.5 million years old, and the nebula a bit older. The nebula is about 55 x 70 light years in dimensions.

M17 is between 5,000 and 6,000 light-years from Earth and it spans some 15 light-years in diameter. The cloud of interstellar matter of which this nebula is a part is roughly 40 light-years in diameter and has a mass of 30,000 solar masses. The total mass of the Omega Nebula is an estimated 800 solar masses. It is considered one of the brightest and most massive star-forming regions of our galaxy. Its local geometry is similar to the Orion Nebula except that it is viewed edge-on rather than face-on. An open cluster of 35 stars lies embedded in the nebulosity and causes the gases of the nebula to shine due to radiation from these hot, young stars; however the actual number of stars in the nebula is much higher - up to 800, plus more than 1000 stars in formation on its outer regions. It's also one of the youngest clusters known, with an age of just 1 million years.

Technical Information:

This is a set of two-piece mosaics; M16: RGBHaOIIISii : 420:240:180:360:420:360; M17: RGBHaOIIISii : 435:240:210:390:420:360. All R, G and B images were unbinned 15-minuted exposures; all Ha, OIII and Sii were unbinned 30-minute exposures. The Luminance layer of each HaRGB image consists of a blending of the master red-filtered image and the master Ha-filtered image; the red channel was a similar blending; the green channel was made using only green-filtered images, while the blue channel has a small bit of Ha data blended into it. The Sii:Ha:OIII image was made by using the "mapping" the Sii to the Red channel, the Ha to the Green channel, and the Sii to the Blue channel; one can easily see the dominance of the HII emissions by the strong green cast to the image.

Equipment: Takahashi FSQ106N quadruplet fluorite apochromatic refractor, SBIG STL11000M with internal color filter wheel (Astrodon Generation 2 filter set), on a Bisque Paramount ME German Equatorial Mount.

Image Acquisition/Camera Control: Maxim DL, controlled with ACP, working in concert with TheSky v6.

Processing: All images calibrated (darks and dawn flats), aligned and combined in Pixinsight. All color combines performed in CCDStack. Finish work (curves and levels, adjustment of contrast, and high pass filter/layer mask of Ha and Luminance layers) was done in Photoshop CS5.

Image Scale: 3.5 arcseconds per pixel in the full-resolution version. The image on this page is 25% of full resolution.

Location: Data acquired remotely from Fair Dinkum Skies, Moorook, South Australia.

Date: Images taken on many nights in June and July 2013. Image posted March 11, 2015.

Copyright 2013, 2015 Mark de Regt

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